Indian Journal of Medical Biochemistry

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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation of Serum Magnesium Level along with Lipid Profile in a Gujarati Population diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus

Sandip S Sendhav, Amit Kakaiya, Bijoya Chatterjee

Citation Information : Sendhav SS, Kakaiya A, Chatterjee B. Evaluation of Serum Magnesium Level along with Lipid Profile in a Gujarati Population diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus. Indian J Med Biochem 2017; 21 (2):112-116.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10054-0032

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-12-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).


Aims and objectives

Diabetes is a common endocrinal disorder. Abnormal lipid and magnesium levels are observed in diabetes in many studies. The current study was done with an aim to find the relationship between lipid with magnesium and diabetes mellitus in Gujarati population.

Materials and methods

The cross-sectional study included 60 diabetics and 50 healthy subjects. Each subject was interviewed, examined, and investigated for serum lipid profile and magnesium. A 12-hour overnight fasting was recommended. The statistical analysis of data obtained was done by Student's t-test and calculation of Pearson correlation coefficient.


Routine biochemical investigations showed a significant rise (p < 0.01) of fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides (TGs), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and very low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (VLDL-C) in diabetics, in comparison with controls (p < 0.01). Among diabetics, males have significantly higher (p < 0.01) TC, TG, and LDL-C while significantly lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). Significant inverse correlation of magnesium with TC (r = −0.18), TGs (r = −0.14), LDL-C (r = −0.27), fasting blood sugar (FBS; r = −0.12) and direct correlation with HDL-C (r = 026) were observed in cases.


The major highlights of the current study are lower magnesium levels in cases compared with controls. In the current study, serum magnesium level has been found to be inversely related to cholesterol, TG, and LDL-C levels, while it is directly associated with HDL-C level. Hence, it could play a role in controlling the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD)-associated morbidities in future.

How to cite this article

Sendhav SS, Kakaiya A, Chatterjee B. Evaluation of Serum Magnesium Level along with Lipid Profile in a Gujarati Population diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus. Indian J Med Biochem 2017;21(2):112-116.

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