Introduction: Preeclampsia is a disorder marked by the onset of hypertension and a significant amount of protein in the urine which begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Aim and objectives: To evaluate the role of serum sodium and potassium levels as a predisposing factor in the etiology of preeclampsia in pregnant women living in Bhilai, Chhattisgarh.
Material and methods: It was a retrospective cross-sectional study, conducted in the Department of Biochemistry at Shri Shankracharya Institute of Medical Science and Hospital, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh a tertiary care institute.
Results: The mean serum sodium level in preeclamptics was 123.9 ± 3.03 mmol/L and in normotensives was 140.6 ± 1.73 mmol/L which was statistically significant (p-value < 0.05). The mean serum potassium levels in preeclamptics were 2.49 ± 0.23 mmol/L and in normotensives was 3.96 ± 0.32 mmol/L which was statistically significant (p-value <0.05).
Conclusion: Serum sodium level was observed to be reduced in preeclampsia compared to normotensive pregnant women. Early diagnosis and counseling of preeclampsia should be done at regular intervals for such cases to prevent any antenatal complications.
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