Citation Information :
K G, Bhaktha G, B M, P, S P. Prevalence of Prediabetes at the Tertiary Healthcare Center, McGann Teaching District Hospital, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India. Indian J Med Biochem 2019; 23 (1):213-216.
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of prediabetic state among the people with no clinical symptoms of hyperglycemia and factors underlying the risk of prediabetes.
Materials and methods: Patients visiting medicine outpatient department (OPD) were recruited for the study at the tertiary healthcare center, McGann Teaching District Hospital, Shivamogga. Data regarding the health-related status and other risk factors were collected between May 2016 and April 2017. In this cross-sectional study, factors related to the risk of diabetes were analyzed and tabulated.
Results: The prevalence of prediabetes was 0.17%, out of which 36.36 % were male, and 63.64% were females, respectively. Participants had a mean age of 47.45 ± 9.95 years, with a higher percentage of people under IFG (39%). The average BMI was 24.44 ± 3.89 with more percent of subjects in impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are having a BMI 25–29.9.
Conclusion: Future intervention should include strategies to address social isolation and also focus on middle-aged subjects with the low socioeconomic state. Knowledge enhancement program is warranted for the prevention of prediabetes in this population.
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