Indian Journal of Medical Biochemistry

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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Novel Lipid Indices as a Better Marker of Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Postmenopausal Women

Muruga Sirigere, S Meera

Citation Information : Sirigere M, Meera S. Novel Lipid Indices as a Better Marker of Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Postmenopausal Women. Indian J Med Biochem 2017; 21 (1):38-41.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10054-0017

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-12-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major leading cause of mortality in men and women around the globe. The incidence of CVD increases with age in both the sexes, whereas it has been noted that there is a marked increase in risk among women after menopause. The hormonal changes associated with the menopause like low level of plasma estrogen and marked increase in follicle stimulating hormone levels exert a significant effect on metabolism of plasma lipids and lipoproteins leading to atherosclerosis, thereby increasing the risk of CVD in postmenopausal women.


To study the lipid profile parameters and to calculate and compare the lipid indices with lipid profile parameters in pre- and postmenopausal women.

Materials and methods

The study group included 90 women comprising 45 postmenopausal (cases) and 45 premenopausal (control) women. To estimate lipid profile, enzymatic method was used and for calculation of lipid indices appropriate formula was used.


Altered lipid profile was observed in postmenopausal women, but it was not statistically significant. Atherogenic Index of Plasma, Castelli's risk index-I, atherogenic coefficient, and nonhigh-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly increased in postmenopausal women compared with premenopausal women, but there was no significant increase in Castelli's risk index-II.


Lipid indices may be considered as a better and cost-effective tool in assessing the risk of CVD in postmenopausal women.

How to cite this article

Sirigere M, Meera S. Novel Lipid Indices as a Better Marker of Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Postmenopausal Women. Indian J Med Biochem 2017;21(1):38-41.

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