Indian journal of Medical Biochemistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Gender-wise Variation in Performance in Formative Assessment and Class Attendance in the Subject of Biochemistry in First-year MBBS Students

Pratik Raghavani, Ajay S Rajput, Deepak Parchwani, Uday Vachhani

Keywords : Female, Gender, Male, Performance, Practical, Theory

Citation Information : Raghavani P, Rajput AS, Parchwani D, Vachhani U. Gender-wise Variation in Performance in Formative Assessment and Class Attendance in the Subject of Biochemistry in First-year MBBS Students. Indian J Med Biochem 2020; 24 (3):92-95.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10054-0159

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-12-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: The medical profession is one of the most demanding disciplines and historically remained a male-dominated profession. Academic performance in medical science is affected by various sociodemographic factors. Various studies have been done to predict academic performance in medical school regarding the influence of gender and attendance. In this study, an attempt was made to study the effect of gender and attendance on performance in formative assessment in the subject of biochemistry. Aims and objectives: To compare performance in theory, practical, and combined (theory and practical) formative assessments between male and female students in the subject of biochemistry in the first-year MBBS and to compare class attendance in theory, practical, and combined (theory and practical) between male and female students in the subject of biochemistry in the first-year MBBS. Materials and methods: This study was carried out at the Department of Biochemistry, GMERS Medical College, Himmatnagar. Students’ academic records in the subject of biochemistry during their first professional year of MBBS were studied. For the study, data of 450 (251 male and 198 female) students from 3 academic years were collected. Performance in theory and practical formative assessments was compared between male and female students. A comparison of marks of male and female students was carried out using Student\'s t-test. The effect of attendance on performance was assessed gender-wise. For comparison of attendance, Kruskal–Wallis test was applied. For all comparisons, a p value <0.05 was considered significant. All statistical analyzes were carried out using Microsoft Excel 2010. Results: The performance of female students was better than male students in theory and combined formative assessments (p < 0.05). The attendance of female students in theory classes and combined attendance of theory and practical was significantly higher (<0.05) than their male counterparts. In different attendance groups for both male and female students, the performance was significantly better with more attendance (p < 0.05). Discussion: In our study, we explored how gender and attendance can affect the performance of the student in the subject of biochemistry. Our study demonstrates female students have more class attendance and better performance in formative assessment in the subject of biochemistry and both the genders’ performances are positively correlated with their attendance.


PDF Share
  1. Bora B, Baisya S. Gender variation in the result of first professional MBBS examination among the students of Gauhati Medical College. Indian J Basic App Med Res 2017;7(1):394–399.
  2. Zeppegno P, Gramaglia C, Antona M, et al. Psychopathology, personality and theory of mind in a sample of university students. Riv Psichiatr 2014;49(3):132–139.
  3. Cooper H. The countess of Dufferin's fund, the national association for supplying female medical aid to the women of India. Hospital (Lond 1886) 1889;6(137):81–82.
  4. Sood M, Chadda SK. Women in medicine: a perspective. Indian J Gender Stud 2010;17(2):277–285. DOI: 10.1177/097152151001700204.
  5. Frischenschlager O, Haidinger G, Mitterauer L. Factors associated with academic success at Vienna Medical School: prospective survey. Croat Med J 2005;46(1):58–65.
  6. Ekwochi U, Osuorah DC, Ohayi SA, et al. Determinants of academic performance in medical students: evidence from a medical school in south-east Nigeria. Adv Med Educ Pract 2019;10:737–747. DOI: 10.2147/AMEP.S210557.
  7. Deepak KK, Al-Umran KU, Al-Sheikh MH, et al. The influence of gender on undergraduate performance in multiple choice testing in clinical disciplines at university of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Al Ameen J Med Sci 2011;4(2):123–130.
  8. Al-Mously N, Salem R, Al-Hamdan N. The impact of gender and english language on the academic performance of students: an experience from new Saudi Medical School. J Contemp Med Edu 2013;1(3):170–176. DOI: 10.5455/jcme.20130226121358.
  9. Sawair FA, Baqain ZH, Kh, et al. Effect of gender on performance of undergraduate dental students at the University of Jordan, Amman. J Dent Educ 2009;73(11):1313–1319. DOI: 10.1002/j.0022-0337.2009.73.11.tb04823.x.
  10. Katherine W, Inam H, Chris MI, et al. Exploring the underperformance of male and minority ethnic medical students in first year clinical examinations. Adv Health Sci Educat Theory Pract 2008;13(5):607–616. DOI: 10.1007/s10459-007-9067-1.
  11. Faisal R, Shinwari L, Hussain SS. Academic performance of male in comparison with female undergraduate medical students in pharmacology examinations. J Pak Med Assoc 2017;67(2):204–208.
  12. McDonough CM, Horgan A, Codd MB, et al. Gender differences in the results of the final medical examination at University College Dublin. Med Educ 2000;34(1):30–34. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2923.2000.00456.x.
  13. Kauffman CA, Derazin M, Asmar A, et al. Relationship between classroom attendance and examination performance in a second-year medical pathophysiology class. Adv Physiol Educ 2018;42(4):593–598. DOI: 10.1152/advan.00123.2018.
  14. Varu M, Vegad A, Shah C, et al. Attendance, attitudes and academic performance: a study on first year MBBS students attending physiology classes. IJMSE 2016;3(1):31–37.
  15. Mohanan LK, Harichandran DT, Vijayan SM. Association of class attendance and academic performance of MBBS students in pharmacology - A retrospective cohort study. National J Physiol, Pharm Pharmacol 2017;7(10):1056–1060.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.